Ailments & ConditionsYour Health

Common Types of Kidney Disease

Kidney & Kidney Disease

Kidneys are two bean-shaped and fist-sized organs locating on either side of your spine. They are responsible for removing wastes and excess fluid out of the body through urine. In addition, they also play a crucial role in balancing chemicals such as sodium, acids, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, etc., and maintaining these substances at a stable level. Moreover, kidneys secret renin, which helps control vascular resistance and regulate blood pressure by the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Improperly-functioned kidneys could affect our overall health. This article will shed some light on four kidney diseases that are prevalent nowadays: glomerulonephritis, polycystic kidney disease, kidney stone, and urinary tract infection.