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Premenstrual Syndrome – Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

Premenstrual syndrome is a condition that affects the behavior, physical health, and emotions of women during their menstrual cycle. It is very common and occurs in nearly all menstruating females. The symptoms tend to begin several days before menstruation and often disappear once the menstruation starts. While the exact cause is still unclear, scientists believe that it is associated with changes in hormone levels. In this guide, we’ll show you some common causes, symptoms, and treatment options for premenstrual syndrome.

2 Causes of Premenstrual Syndrome

Hormonal Changes

The main cause of premenstrual syndrome is the change of some hormone levels during your menstrual cycle. The symptoms tend to occur 1 or 2 weeks before the menstruation. During this time, the discharge of a matured egg from the ovaries leads to the release of the hormone estrogen. This hormone can cause some symptoms of premenstrual syndrome in the body. Also, progesterone and estrogen can affect some neurotransmitters in your brain and affect your mood during this period. These include serotonin, gamma-aminobutyric acid, endorphin, epinephrine, as well as norepinephrine. [1]