Diabetic Coma: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Treatment & Prevention

Diabetic coma is a serious or even fatal condition linked to diabetes. It tends to lead to unconsciousness that the patients cannot awaken from without the help of medical care. Most reported cases of diabetic coma happen in individuals with type 1 diabetes. However, those with other forms of diabetes may be at risk as well. If you have diabetes, it is necessary to stay informed about this complication, including the possible causes, symptoms, and treatment options to prevent it from occurring. [1]

1Causes of Diabetic Coma – High Blood Sugar and Low Blood Sugar

High blood sugar, also known as hyperglycemia, can be a possible cause of diabetic coma. It happens when sugar levels in the blood are too high or the body does not produce enough insulin. Typical signs include frequent urination, fatigue, headache, blurred vision, and increased thirst or hunger. There are two forms of high blood sugar:

– Diabetic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome: This is a common complication in people with type 2 diabetes. It may lead to reduced alertness, extreme high blood glucose, and serious dehydration.

– Diabetic ketoacidosis: This type happens when the body breaks down fats quickly that it cannot handle. As a result, excess fats are processed by the liver into ketones. [2]

Another cause of diabetic coma is low blood sugar, also known as hypoglycemia. It occurs when the body does not produce enough glucose. This may result in certain symptoms, such as nausea, hunger, fast breathing, trouble speaking, shakiness, dizziness, weakness, or anxiety. In people with diabetes, low blood sugar may be a possible side effect of diabetes drugs. Glucose plays an essential role in the body. It is produced by the liver to help keep the sugar levels in the blood in check. [3]


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