Hyponatremia – Symptoms & Causes

Sodium is an important electrolyte that plays a key role in ensuring the water balance in body cells. Without this element, you cannot ensure proper nerve and muscle functions. More importantly, sodium can keep stable levels of blood pressure. When the sodium amount is extremely low, it leads to a condition called hyponatremia. This health issue occurs when sodium and water are out of balance. Read on to learn more about some common symptoms and causes of hyponatremia that you should know.

15 Symptoms of Hyponatremia

Vomiting and Nausea

Sodium plays a key role in maintaining a stable level of blood pressure. When you have a low level of this electrolyte due to hyponatremia, the cardiovascular system cannot function properly to pump blood to the cognitive system. As a result, your digestive functions would be affected and cause nausea or vomiting, which is the forceful discharge of most contents in the stomach. This health issue would worsen your condition because it leads to the loss of further sodium and other electrolytes in your stomach. Frequent vomiting can also cause dehydration, a major risk factor for hyponatremia. [1]

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