Endometrial Cancer: Risk Factors, Stages and Treatments

1What Is Endometrial Cancer?

As the sixth most common cancer affecting women’s health worldwide, endometrial cancer happens when malignant cells in the inner lining of the womb (endometrium) grow abnormally. Left untreated, the cancerous cells could spread to or invade other parts of the body such as the vagina, ovaries, fallopian tube, bladder, rectum, etc. Endometrial cancer is commonly found in women after menopause, and there is an increased incidence in recent years. According to the statistics published by the American Cancer Society, an estimation of around 66,570 new cases would be diagnosed in 2021 in the United States. Early signs of uterine cancer include vaginal bleeding, painful urination, dyspareunia, or pelvic discomfort.

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