Pap Smear – What You Need To Know

1What is a Pap Smear?

The pap test or pap smear was invented in the early 1940s by a Greek doctor named George Papanicolaou. It is a painless and quick procedure to help screen for cervical cancer. During this process, some body cells from the cervix are taken for further analysis under a microscope. It does not diagnose cancerous cells, but searches for abnormal changes in the cervical areas. These cancerous or precancerous cells may indicate the presence of cancer. If these cells are found, further testing like a biopsy or colposcopy, may be suggested to diagnose the condition. [1]

Purpose of a Test Smear

As said above, a pap smear helps identify abnormal cervical changes, which would indicate whether cancer has already occured or is likely to occur. In many cases, the test can help find out and treat the condition before it grows and spread to other parts of the body. This procedure is often included in regular pelvic exams. Some women also take the pap smear to look for high-risk strains of HPV or human papillomavirus, which is linked to different cancers. [2]

Back

Related Articles

Postpartum Care – Tips and Timeline

Ailments & Conditions
The  lasts from the first 6 weeks up to 6 months after delivering birth. For most women, it is an intense time that needs a lot of care for them and their babies. The body tends to undergo many...

10 Cervical Cancer Signs

Ailments & Conditions
The cervix is the area in the body of a female located between the uterus and vagina. When cells in this part multiply quickly and abnormally, you may at the risk of suffering from cervical cancer. This condition can...

10 Common Endometriosis Symptoms

Ailments & Conditions
Endometriosis is a painful condition in which tissues lining the inside of the uterus grows outside this area. This often occurs in the pelvis or lower abdomen, but can also appear anywhere in your body. The symptoms can vary...

10 Early Signs of Menopause – Perimenopause Symptoms

Ailments & Conditions
Most women typically start menopause from 45 to 55 years old. Perimenopause is the first stage and can start eight to 10 years before menopause. But if you are onset before 45, then you might have early menopause. As a...

10 Signs & Symptoms of Fibroids

Ailments & Conditions
Women generally are creatures who go through lots of complicated phenomenons starting from the puberty stage, down to reproductive years, and then menopause. There are the excruciating pains of menstruating, weakening, and uncomfortable release of blood, and the almost-killing...

10 Signs of Ovarian Cancer

Ailments & Conditions
Ovarian cancer is a leading cause of death among women, especially older women. Unfortunately, the symptoms and signs associated with ovarian cancer can be hard to detect because most symptoms linked with this type of cancer overlap with other...

16 Natural Remedies for Menstrual Cramps

Fitness & Wellness
Menstrual cramps are generally painful and discomforting, yet it is something that most ladies experience. They occur as a result of the muscles of the womb contracting and relaxing, and in addition to these painful cramps, some people also...

Hysterectomy – Purpose, Procedure, Risk & Recovery

Your Health
A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the uterus, an area in the body of women where fetuses grow. There are many different forms of hysterectomy to meet different needs. Your doctor would approach the uterus through the...