Neuromyelitis Optica vs Multiple Sclerosis – What’s the Difference

Multiple sclerosis and neuromyelitis are two autoimmune diseases that trigger the immune system to attack body cells. This similar mechanism leads to some common symptoms that make it hard to differentiate between them. However, the affected areas are not the same. While multiple sclerosis occurs in the outside area of nerve cells, neuromyelitis happens in the spinal cord and optic nerves. As a result, there are several significant differences that you should know for a more precise diagnosis.

1Overview of Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is a common autoimmune disorder that typically affects the central nervous system, including the spinal cord and brain. It triggers the immune system to attack myelin, which is the protective sheath that covers your nerve fibers. This leads to some communication issues between the brain and other body parts. In advanced stages, the condition would lead to permanent deterioration or damage to the nerves. The exact symptoms can vary a lot, depending on the affected areas and the amount of damage. There is still no cure for multiple sclerosis, but some treatment options can alleviate the condition and aid in recovery. [1]

Back

Related Articles

6 Non-Negligible Facts About Children’s Seizures

Your Health
Seizures are simply changes in the normal brain electrical activities. The nerve cells that send regular controlled signals are now stimulated and excited and...

Top 8 Natural Treatments for Sleep Apnea

Your Health
Sleep apnea is a health condition responsible for short periods of pauses in breathing while you are fast asleep. Individuals struggling with this condition...

15 Most Common Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis

Your Health
Multiple sclerosis is an immune-mediated, progressive condition which can affect the brain and central nervous system. It damages the protective layers of your nerve...

10 Early Signs and Symptoms of Dementia

Your Health
Dementia is a collective term for symptoms experienced due to several possible diseases. Dementia symptoms often associated with declining cognitive functioning - reasoning, remembering,...

8 Multiple Sclerosis Treatments

Your Health
Multiple sclerosis is a common disease which can result in serious complications if untreated properly. While there is still no cure for this condition,...

10 Asperger Syndrome Symptoms

Your Health
Asperger syndrome or Asperger's is a type of autism that is mostly diagnosed in adults and older children. It is typically characterized by considerable...

10 Sciatica Treatments Back to Normal Life

Your Health
Sciatica is a type of pain which radiates along the pathway of your sciatic nerve. This condition might result in excruciating pain and some...

13 Sciatica Symptoms You Should Know

Your Health
If you are experiencing a pain which extends from your buttock or back and travels down the leg into the calf, then you might...