H. Pylori Infection – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatments

1What Is H. Pylori Bacteria?

Helicobacter pylori (H. Pylori) has coexisted with humans for hundreds of years, and it is a type of bacteria most often found in the linings of the stomach and duodenum. The helical bacterium can cause H. pylori infection, one of the most common infections affecting nearly two-thirds of the population in the world. On Dec 21, 2021, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) published the 15th report on carcinogens, adding the chronic infection with H. Pylori as a known human carcinogen.

Many people are wondering how this bacterium reproduces in a highly acidic stomach since it can be eliminated in hydrochloric acid solutions. In fact, H. Pylori bacterium will secrete urease (an enzyme) to produce ammonia, which is a substance that helps neutralize acidity in the stomach and creates a more hospitable condition for H. Pylori bacterium to live and grow. What’s more, H. Pylori bacterium also makes its way to less acidic locations like the mucus layers, lumen, and the inner lining of the stomach to survive in a harsh environment, thanks to its spiral shape and flagella. [1]

Back

Related Articles

10 Causes of Colon Polyps

Your Health
Colon polyps are small nodules that can be found along your large intestine's lining. These growths look like tiny mushrooms, but they can grow...

Amyloidosis – Diagnosis & Treatment

Your Health
Amyloidosis occurs when amyloid accumulates in specific organs of the body. This is a very rare disease. Amyloid is an abnormal type of protein...

5 Things to Know About Probiotics

Food & Nutrition
What Are Probiotics? Probiotics are basically living microorganisms that have many health benefits when ingested. Most of them are bacteria, but several forms of yeasts...

Stomach (Peptic) Ulcers – Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Ailments & Conditions
Stomach ulcers are painful sores occurring in the lining of the stomach. They are a form of peptic ulcers, which can affect both the...

10 Causes of Heartburn You Need to Know

Your Health
If you have ever felt a burning sensation just behind your breastbone, then you may have experienced heartburn. Heartburn is a burning pain or discomfort...

10 Celiac Disease Symptoms

Ailments & Conditions
Celiac disease is a common health issue in which consuming gluten-containing foods like rye, spelled, barley or wheat can trigger an immune response in...

10 Common Causes of Hiccups

Ailments & Conditions
Hiccups could be annoying but there are often short-lived. Nevertheless, many people might have recurrent episodes of constant or chronic hiccups, which can last...

10 Common Causes of Diarrhea

Ailments & Conditions
We have all experienced diarrhea at some points in our lives. It is a very common issue which affects millions of people in the...