Overview of Sandalwood Plants
Sandalwood, also known as santal oil, is an evergreen plant native to Indonesia and East India. It can grow to 2.5 meters in girth and 12 m in height. The flowers are small with many short stalks, and the bark is typically gray-brown and smooth. Both the sandalwood’s roots and tree contain an aromatic oil with a yellow color like liquid gold and scent that can persist for years. Manufacturers often use steam distillation to obtain this oil, which has many applications in aromatherapy, traditional medicines, and producing incense, candles, soaps, or perfumes.