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Tuberous Sclerosis – Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

Tuberous sclerosis is a rare genetic disease that triggers noncancerous tumors in many areas of the body. Depending on the locations of the growths and levels of severity, exact symptoms can vary greatly. This condition usually occurs during childhood or infancy. However, many people with mild cases might not be diagnosed until they reach adulthood. Though there is still no cure, some methods are available to help manage and alleviate the disorder. Keep reading our guide to learn more about the causes, symptoms, and treatments for tuberous sclerosis.

Causes of Tuberous Sclerosis

Scientists have found out that tuberous sclerosis is caused by some mutations or changes in one of two genes: TSC1 or TSC2. They play a key role in suppressing the growth of tumor and contributing to fetal development of the brain and skin. Any problems occurring would result in uncontrolled growth and tumors in the body. This means parents with this disorder would pass the genes to their kids. In fact, more than 65% of reported cases are spontaneous mutations. The exact reason for these changes in genes is still unknown. Therefore, there is still no known method to prevent the condition. Genetic tests can help diagnose the condition early. [1]