Ailments & ConditionsYour Health

Colon Cancer – Diagnosis & Treatment

Colon or colorectal cancer is a form of cancer that occurs in the colon or rectum. Both organs are located in the lower areas of the digestive system. It is estimated that around five percent of people would develop this medical condition during their lifetime. Depending on the stages, chances to survive and life expectancy can vary. That is why it is important to notice the symptoms early and inform your doctor. Below are some common diagnostic tests and treatment options for people with colon cancer.

Colon Cancer Diagnosis

History and Physical Examination

The first step in diagnosing colon cancer is to check your medical history. The main goal is to find out any risk factors that can lead to the condition. Based on your answers, the doctor will conduct an overall physical check. During this process, he or she might need to press around the abdominal area to see whether there is any growth or discomfort. The skin and many other essential organs will also be examined for possible signs of cancerous cells. The final results can help the healthcare provider decide which tests to perform in the next steps. [1]