Carcinomatous Meningitis – Symptoms, causes, and More

1What Is Carcinomatous Meningitis?

Carcinomatous meningitis is a disease that happens when cancer cells spread to the meninges in the spinal cord and brain. The name originates from two separate medical conditions:

– Carcinomatous is a form of carcinoma, the most common type of cancer that accounts for up to 80 percent of reported cases. It typically begins in the epithelial cells that line the body cavities, organs, or skin.

– Meningitis results in inflammation in the brain or spinal cord’s lining. It may be caused by cancer, certain medications, or infections. [1]

Symptoms of Carcinomatous Meningitis

Symptoms of carcinomatous meningitis can vary, depending on the affected parts, such as the spinal cord, cranial nerves, and cerebrum. Some people might not show any signs at all. The most common symptom is a headache. It is caused by irritated meninges and increased pressure in the skull. Some people also experience nausea, which tends to become worse in the morning. Another common sign is confusion, which happens due to active cancer cells in the outermost layer of the brain called the cortex. This may lead to other symptoms, such as repeated movements, amnesia, hallucinations, euphoria, and déjà vu.

When carcinomatous meningitis affects the posterior fossa in the skull, you would experience dizziness, vomiting, nausea, vision loss, double vision, hoarseness, hearing loss, facial weakness, balance issues, as well as trouble swallowing and speaking.

When carcinomatous meningitis affects the spinal cord, back paralysis or pain and leg weakness may happen. Other signs include limb weakness, pain, dysesthesia, and segmental numbness. When the sacral nerve roots are affected, bladder and bowel dysfunction would happen. [2]

Back

Related Articles

10 Asperger Syndrome Symptoms

Ailments & Conditions
Asperger syndrome or Asperger's is a type of autism that is mostly diagnosed in adults and older children. It is typically characterized by considerable troubles in nonverbal communication and social interaction, along with repetitive and restricted interests and patterns...

Vertigo: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments & Diet

Your Health
Vertigo is sometimes called a symptom rather than a condition. It is a medical condition that gives you a whirling and spinning sensation which makes it seem everything around you is moving and reeling. Vertigo is a medical condition...

10 Causes of Stroke You Need to Know

Ailments & Conditions
Stroke is one of the diseases infamous among seniors all over the world. Well, almost everyone thinks it is associated with the aged alone, but it is quite saddening to inform you that several cases of stroke associated with...

10 Common Signs & Symptoms of Cerebral Palsy

Ailments & Conditions
Cerebral palsy is a health issue that affects your body posture and capability of controlling muscle groups. As a result, it tends to have negative results on how you move and process the body. There are many forms of...

10 Early Signs and Symptoms of Dementia

Ailments & Conditions
Dementia is a collective term for symptoms experienced due to several possible diseases. Dementia symptoms often associated with declining cognitive functioning - reasoning, remembering, and thinking - and behavioral abilities. However, the above statement does not translate to "everyone...

10 Facts of Ischemic Stroke

Ailments & Conditions
What Is Ischemic Stroke? An ischemic stroke is a form of stroke, which is also known as cerebral ischemia or brain ischemia. It often occurs when the artery that delivers blood to your brain is blocked. This blockage restricts the...

10 Sciatica Treatments Back to Normal Life

Fitness & Wellness
Sciatica is a type of pain which radiates along the pathway of your sciatic nerve. This condition might result in excruciating pain and some other sensations in your leg, hip, toes, feet, and buttocks. These include weakness, electrical feeling,...

10 Symptoms of Brain Tumor

Ailments & Conditions
A brain tumor is a growth or mass of abnormal cells in the brain. There is a variety of brain tumors, which can be malignant or benign. Basically, they can directly occur in the brain or start in other...