Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy – What You Need to Know

1What Is the Pelvic Floor?

The pelvic floor is an area located at the base of the pelvis. It has a funnel-like shape and consists of two groups of muscles that serve many functions. These include:

– Provide support for abdominal organs, including the uterus, intestines, and bladder

– Resist pressure in the abdomen and pelvis while lifting or coughing

– Hold feces and urine until you want to use the toilet. The rectum and urethra pass through holes in this area. It helps relax the muscles in the pelvic floor and allows for defecation and urination. [1]

What Is Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy?

Each muscle in the pelvic floor is important for certain functions. When there are issues with one or any of these muscles, pelvic floor physical therapy can help. In general, it involves exercises to improve the strength, coordination, and relaxation of pelvic floor muscles, which treats weakness or tightness and resulting issues. Physical therapy may also allow for well supported organs in the pelvis as well as normal bowel movements, sexual function, and urination. Studies have shown that many pelvic floor exercises can be served as minimally invasive treatments for different pelvic floor problems. [2]


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