Your Health

Hydrochlorothiazide – Uses, Side Effects, and More

What Is Hydrochlorothiazide?

Hydrochlorothiazide is a medication typically prescribed for treating high blood pressure as well as edema caused by liver damage or heart failure. It contains the active ingredient called microzide. The medication belongs to a family of drugs called thiazide diuretics. Currently, hydrochlorothiazide is available in the form of a capsule or tablet, which can be taken by mouth. There are three strengths available: 12.5 milligrams, 25 milligrams, and 50 milligrams.  [1]

How Hydrochlorothiazide Works

Hydrochlorothiazide is a type of thiazide diuretics. It is still not fully understood how the drug works. However, scientists believe that it increases urine output and thus helps get rid of extra water and salt from the body. This effect eventually reduces swelling and blood pressure by preventing the heart from working hard to pump blood to other parts of the body. As a result, it leads to a reduction in the peripheral vascular resistance and a drop in the heart rate. [2]