Hydrochlorothiazide – Uses, Side Effects, and More

1What Is Hydrochlorothiazide?

Hydrochlorothiazide is a medication typically prescribed for treating high blood pressure as well as edema caused by liver damage or heart failure. It contains the active ingredient called microzide. The medication belongs to a family of drugs called thiazide diuretics. Currently, hydrochlorothiazide is available in the form of a capsule or tablet, which can be taken by mouth. There are three strengths available: 12.5 milligrams, 25 milligrams, and 50 milligrams.  [1]

How Hydrochlorothiazide Works

Hydrochlorothiazide is a type of thiazide diuretics. It is still not fully understood how the drug works. However, scientists believe that it increases urine output and thus helps get rid of extra water and salt from the body. This effect eventually reduces swelling and blood pressure by preventing the heart from working hard to pump blood to other parts of the body. As a result, it leads to a reduction in the peripheral vascular resistance and a drop in the heart rate. [2]


Related Articles

Xeomin vs. Botox – Similarities, Differences, Uses & More

Your Health
What Is Xeomin? Xeomin is an injectable product from Merz Pharmaceuticals that was approved in cosmetic applications in 2010. It is made from incobotulinumtoxin A. Experts usually recommend using xeomin for crow’s feet, frown lines, and forehead lines. In addition...

Lorazepam – Uses, Dosage & Side Effects

Your Health
What Is Lorazepam? Lorazepam, also known as the brand named Ativan, is a medication in the medicinal group called benzodiazepines. Doctors often prescribe it for treating sleeping issues and anxiety. The drug comes as a liquid and tablets, which are...

Rheumatoid Arthritis Medication List

Your Health
Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs or DMARDs are the first-line treatment for rheumatoid arthritis. While each medication in this group is different, they can all help slow inflammation, thus reducing symptoms and damage to the joints. They are often...

Rexulti: Side Effects, Dosage, Alternatives, and More

Your Health
What Is Rexulti? Reluxti is a brand-name medication that contains the active ingredient brexpiprazole. Currently, it is not available as a generic drug. The medication belongs to the class of atypical antipsychotics, which can help with different mental issues. Doctors...

Azithromycin: Uses, Dosage & Side Effects

Your Health
What Is Azithromycin? Azithromycin is a prescription drug sold under the brand name Zithromax. It belongs to a family of medications called macrolide antibiotics, which can be used to treat several bacterial infections in some children and adults. You can...

Sertraline – Side Effects, Uses, and Dosage

Your Health
What Is Sertraline? Sertraline is a prescription medication that is sold as a generic drug or under the brand-name Zoloft. It comes as a solution or a tablet, which can be taken orally. Doctors typically prescribe this medication to treat...

Atorvastatin (Lipitor) Uses, Dosage, Side Effects & More

Your Health
What Is Atorvastatin? Lipitor is a brand name medication that contains the active ingredient atorvastatin. It was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration 1996. Lipitor belongs to a class of medications called statins. They work by inhibiting the...

Pantoprazole – Uses, Dosage & Side Effects

Your Health
What Is Pantoprazole? Pantoprazole is a prescription medication that can be purchased under the brand-name Protonix. It belongs to a class of drugs called proton pump inhibitors. They work by reducing the release of acid in the stomach. This effect...