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Immunotherapy for Leukemia

What Is Leukemia?

Leukemia is a form of cancer that affects the blood. It leads to an abnormal growth and development of cancerous cells, which eventually dominates healthy cells in bone marrow and blood. There are many types of leukemia, which are categorized by the affected type of cells and the speed of cancer growth. Four main forms include acute lymphocytic leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, and chronic myeloid leukemia. The condition is more prevalent in adults who are older than 55 years old. However, it may also occur in children. [1]

What Is Immunotherapy?

In healthy individuals, the immune system can destroy abnormal cells to prevent cancer. However, certain cancer cells may hide from this system and lead to the disease. Immunotherapy is a cancer treatment that uses medications to help the immune system identify these cancer cells and kill them. The main objective of this procedure is to produce T-cells, a special form of white blood cells, which can recognize and attack specific cells caused by leukemia. Thanks to advancements in medical research, immunotherapy has been shown to provide many benefits on treating leukemia. [2]