Ailments & ConditionsYour Health

How to Treat Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction

The temporomandibular joint or TMJ serves as a sliding hinge that attaches the jawbone to the skull. There is one TMJ on each side of the jaw. TMJ dysfunction occurs when this joint is affected, which leads to pain and trouble with jaw movements. In most cases, it is hard to find out the underlying cause, but a combination of many factors like jaw injury, arthritis, and genetics can be a possible trigger. Below are some common options to treat temporomandibular joint dysfunction.


Medications are an effective way to alleviate the pain caused by TMJ dysfunction. Common options include:

– Muscle relaxants: They can help alleviate muscle spasms and pain in people with TMJ dysfunction. You can take them in several days or weeks.

– Tricyclic antidepressants: Taken in low doses, these drugs would help with depression, pain relief, sleeplessness, and bruxism control.

– Anti-inflammatories and pain relievers: They can provide quick pain relief. However, they should only be taken in a limited period. [1]