Everything You Need to Know About Salmonella

Salmonella is a form of bacteria that may trigger diarrhea. Vomiting and abdominal cramps are other typical signs of this infection. There are more than 2,500 strains in both humans and animals. However, only around 100 subtypes can infect people. They are the main cause of bacterial infection in many countries. Mild cases of Salmonella infections may recover without treatment, while more serious cases need hospital care. [1]

1Causes

Salmonella bacteria exist in the intestines of humans and animals. People can be infected due to the following causes:

– Uncooked eggs: Consuming eggs from birds with Salmonella could cause an infection. Therefore, you should cook them to lower the risk.

– Uncooked poultry, seafood, and meat: During the processing or harvesting of seafood or raw meat, contamination may happen. An infection could spread when you handle or touch contaminated food without handwashing.

– Veggies and fruits: Watering or washing veggie or fruit plants with contaminated water could cause Salmonella infection.

– Lack of hygiene: Salmonella infections may happen when your kitchen surfaces are not clean and when you don’t wash your hands after changing diapers, using the bathroom, or food preparation.

– Amphibians or pet reptiles: Salmonella bacteria can be found in the guts of these animals. They may spread the bacteria through droppings or contact with household surfaces, furniture, clothes, or toys. [2]

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