Hyperkalemia is a condition in which levels of blood potassium are higher than usual. Potassium is an important mineral that plays a role in the function of muscle and nerve cells. In healthy people, potassium levels should be between 3.6 and 5.2 mmol/L. When the level exceeds 6.0 mmol/L, it may cause hyperkalemia, which often needs medical attention. An effective way to control potassium levels is to follow a low-potassium diet. Below is all that you should know about a hyperkalemia diet plan.
1How the Hyperkalemia Diet Works
On average, a healthy adult needs around 3.5 to 4.5 grams of potassium on a daily basis. In those with hyperkalemia, a diet should reduce potassium intake to around 2 grams per day. The general guidelines are quite simple. Limit or avoid high-potassium foods and consume low-potassium products. Nevertheless, following this plan would force you to restrict some healthy foods. Many high-potassium veggies and fruits are a part of a healthy and balanced diet. Therefore, it is better to consult a dietitian to create a plant that can be effective in reducing potassium intake and still provide sufficient nutrients for the body.