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Hypertonic Dehydration – What You Need to Know

How Is Dehydration Categorized?

There are three main types of dehydration. These include:

– Hypertonic dehydration: This form happens when more water is lost than sodium. This leads to higher levels of osmolality and serum sodium. Typical signs include diabetes insipidus, increased respiration, and fever.

– Hypotonic dehydration: This type happens when more sodium is lost than water. Diuretics is the main cause. It may lead to low osmolality and sodium levels.

– Isotonic dehydration: This type occurs when both sodium and water are lost together. It may lead to hypoaldosteronism, hyperglycemia, intrinsic kidney disease, burns, sweating, diarrhea, and vomiting [1]